INTRODUCTION TO REGISTERING A COMPANY IN ROMANIA
Romania company formation is one of Europe’s most promising location for foreign investors wishing to set up a new company as the country applies a uniform taxation of 16% on profits, low incorporation and maintenance costs. The minimum share capital for a limited liability capital (SRL) IS 50 EURO.
How has EU membership changed Romania’s business climate?
In order to qualify for EU accession, Romania has had to speed up its economic reform process along the following lines:
- liberalisation of foreign trade
- development of the private sector
- privatisation of state-owned companies
- modernisation of the banking and tax systems
How have international investors responded to these changes?
Inward investment has risen sharply over the past few years. In March 2017 the net inflow of foreign direct investment was increased by €340 million. New Company Formations in Romania have increased substantially. The trend is being driven by Romania’s economic and political stability, EU accession, and changes to the tax regime.
What is the rate of corporation tax in Romania?
The standard rate of corporation tax has been reduced to 16%. An exception applies to nightclubs and gambling operations where it is at least 5% of gross revenue. However, corporation tax is much lower for micro-companies, defined as businesses with annual turnover of less than €100,000 and with fewer than ten employees. For such companies, corporation tax is currently just 3%. If you have 1 employee it drops to 2% and if you have 2 or more employees the tax drops to 1%.
What are the most common types of company in Romania?
The two most popular forms of business entity in Romania are:
- Limited liability company (SRL)
- Joint stock company (SA)
How much share capital is required for a limited liability (SRL) company?
The minimum share capital for an SRL company is just €50, provided the business has no more than fifty shareholders.
What are the other key features of a limited liability (SRL) company?
- Must have between one and fifty shareholders
- Shareholders may be Romanians or foreign nationals
- Low administrative and reporting requirements
How much share capital is required for a joint stock (SA) company?
The minimum share capital for an SA company is €25,000 of which at least 30% has to be paid up.
What are the features of a joint stock (SA) company?
- Mandatory SA format if company is involved in banking or insurance
- Minimum of five shareholders and one director
- Three ‘censors’ to oversee financial reporting
What other types of company are there in Romania?
The other main forms of business entity are:
- representative office
What is the regulatory environment like?
Romania has been ranked first in Eastern Europe and second globally in a World Bank report on regulatory reform. The report, Doing Business 2016, praised Romania for making it simpler, faster and cheaper to set up a new business and start trading. As well as reducing corporation tax to a flat rate of 16%, the government has eased regulatory requirements across the board, ranging from building permits to customs procedures and labour laws.
How easy is it to recruit staff in Romania?
Spurred by the continued strength of the economy, Romania has been able to keep unemployment below the 6% level. But with a large, well-educated workforce and low average salaries, there should be little difficulty for foreign companies when it comes to recruitment. The challenge, as always, is to ensure that applicants are of the highest quality and that the recruitment process is efficient. For advice on this, and on Romania’s labour laws, contact our recruitment team.
Are there financial incentives available?
Romania offers a wide range of financial incentives to foreign investors. These include tax breaks, cheap loans and free access to public utilities, with particular benefits for investors seeking to create employment in disadvantaged areas.
What about banking facilities?
Almost all of Romania’s commercial banks have been privatised, and foreign banks now play a major role in the country’s financial sector. This has helped to improve the breadth, quality and efficiency of financial services available to the international business community, and investors wishing to start a business in Romania will find a comprehensive array of services available to them. We can guide you through the process of opening a bank account in Romania: just get in touch and we’ll get it sorted.
How can I get more information about opening a Romanian company?
Please contact us and we will be delighted to help you take full advantage of all the opportunities that Romania has to offer. Our professional service ensures you can register a company in Romania in the quickest possible timeframe!Contact US